Enbridge’s Market Access Initiatives

Enbridge’s Market Access Initiatives

Enbridge’s Market Access Initiatives

Our commercially secured Light Oil, Western Gulf Coast, and Eastern market access programs respond to fundamental shifts in the crude oil supply and demand patterns in North America. Our shippers have asked us to provide increased transportation of crude oil—and in particular, rapidly growing supplies of light crude oil—between growing producing regions and major refinery hubs, and we’re delivering.

This $6.2 billion initiative is a suite of projects in Canada and the United States to expand access to markets for growing volumes of North Dakota and western Canada light oil production to premium refinery markets in Ontario, Quebec and the U.S. Midwest.

The individual projects within the initiative are targeted to be available for service at varying dates from 2014 to early 2016 and will provide new market access for approximately 400,000 bpd of additional light oil.

This $2.7 billion suite of projects establishes a path for western Canadian and Bakken crude oil to access refineries in eastern Canada and the midwest and eastern United States. For example, by reversing the flow of our existing Line 9, Ontario and Quebec refineries will have access to lower-cost western Canadian feedstock—Ontario and Quebec currently derive 18% and 90% of their crude from higher priced offshore sources, respectively.

This $6.4 billion initiative, whose major components are the Seaway Pipeline reversal and expansion and the Flanagan South Pipeline, connects Canadian heavy oil supply to the vast refinery complex along the western Gulf Coast near Houston.

The Seaway Pipeline is our 50-50 joint venture with Enterprise Products Partners L.P. (Enterprise). In May 2012, the flow direction of the pipeline was reversed, allowing it to transport crude oil from the bottlenecked Cushing, Oklahoma hub to the Gulf Coast. Capacity available to shippers was then expanded in January 2013 from 150,000 to 400,000 bpd, depending on crude oil slate, although actual throughput has been curtailed due to constraints on third-party takeaway facilities. Enbridge and Enterprise are also planning to twin the pipeline by early 2014, which will more than double Seaway’s capacity to 850,000 bpd by mid-2014.

The Flanagan South Project will add 585,000 bpd of capacity between Enbridge’s Flanagan, Illinois terminal and Cushing by mid-2014.


Enbridge is investing in loading and unloading rail facilities as a near-term solution to increasing export capacity and clearing transportation bottlenecks out of the fast-growing Bakken region. Our Berthold Station Expansion Project is expected to add an additional 80,000 bpd of takeaway capacity to market hubs and refineries across the North American rail network by early 2013. Also, Enbridge and Canopy Prospecting Inc. have created the Eddystone Rail Project to develop a unit-train facility and related local pipeline infrastructure near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to deliver Bakken and other light sweet crude oil to Philadelphia-area refineries by the end of 2013. Eddystone Rail is expected to handle 80,000 bpd initially and can ultimately be expanded to receive up to 160,000 bpd.

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In response to significant interest from both producers and refineries, Enbridge and Energy Transfer Partners, L.P. announced plans in February 2013, for the joint development of a project to provide crude oil pipeline access to the eastern Gulf Coast refinery market from the Patoka, Illinois hub. Targeted to be in service by 2015, the pipeline will have capacity of up to 420,000 to 660,000 bpd, depending on crude oil slate. This initiative would create the first pipeline transportation option for crude oil to the Gulf Coast from the U.S. Midwest and is an important component of our broader plans to open up access to the Gulf Coast crude oil market. Crude oil can reach the Patoka hub from both western Canada and the Bakken play in North Dakota through a variety of existing pipelines, as well as through Enbridge’s Southern Access Extension Project, which is already under development.

Our proposed Northern Gateway Project would transport 525,000 bpd of oil from Alberta for export to refineries in the Asia-Pacific region and U.S. west coast. The project involves a crude oil export pipeline and condensate import pipeline between Edmonton, Alberta and a proposed new marine terminal in Kitimat, British Columbia. Public hearings on Northern Gateway began in January 2012. Designed to be world-class in every respect, the project would be of significant value for Canada, achieving the goal of diversifying Canadian energy markets and maximizing the value of Canada’s resources.


Light Oil Market Access 2014 – 2016 $6.2 billion
Eastern Access 2013 – 2014 $2.7 billion
Western Gulf Coast Access 2012 – 2014 $6.4 billion2
  1. As of January 2013 corporate-wide
  2. Inclusive of a number of related mainline expansion projects
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“Enbridge’s network is advantageously positioned geographically to connect North America’s growing supply regions with the best refinery and consumer markets across the continent. The strength and scale of our network is also allowing us to extend into new markets and is leading to more opportunity for the Company.”

Steve Wuori, President, Liquids Pipelines & Major Projects, Enbridge Inc.

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